Building a Solar Charger

October 29th, 2017 by

Introduction
There is lots of scope for outdoor electronics. A solar charger is useful for this : ) The 90-second video here describes it.

I wanted to have a general purpose outdoor solar charger that could be used for (say) powering outdoor speakers, or for evening lighting. I wanted something that could easily charge some tens of Watt-hours energy capacity batteries, so that there is lots of power available, but small enough that it doesn’t need a massive panel.

 

I have several compact solar panels and a few rechargeable batteries to test with for now, but I hope to find slightly larger panels and batteries too.

A charge current of a few amps was the ballpark I was looking for, and the ability to charge a cell or 2- or 3-cell battery, perhaps up to 12V.

 

It needed to have some flexibility, so that I could try out different panels and batteries. I didn’t want a microcontroller to be mandatory, so I wanted to be able to set the solar panel MPPT (maximum peak power tracking) value using a resistor.

 

The perfect IC for this seemed to be the BQ24650. It can accept a reasonably wide power range for small panels (5V to 28V) and can handle different battery types and different numbers of cells.

 
Schematic
The circuit is fairly straightforward; it is based on the datasheet, with some external control to be able to switch it on/off using an optional microcontroller. The two main connectors J1 and J2 are used for the solar panel input and the battery to be charged. There is a third connector which carries the same connections plus a few more that are useful for connecting up a microcontroller or LEDs for status information.

https://www.element14.com/community/community/project14/solarpoweredyardgadget/blog/2017/10/14/building-a-solar-charger?CMP=SOM-FACEBOOK-PRG-PROJECT14-SOLARPOWERDYARD-BLOG-SYOUSAF-SOLARCHARGER-COMM-GBL